[Birth name likely to be Peter, also known as Pieter]

* 17 Juni 1760 at Archangel.
Godson of the Grand Duke Peter, the future Czar Peter III.
Grew up in Hamburg after his parents’ move from Archangel
to Hamburg.

3 October 1837 at Altona,
[Death Register of the reformed Church in Altona],

begraben 6. Oktober 1837 im Erbbegräbnis Norderreihe in Altona. Nr. 412

1776 bis 1778 Business Training (apprenticeship) in Bordeaux
1778 bis 1780 at Geneva and
1780 bis 1783 at Göttingen

Studies preferably of history, Political Economics and National Economics (Summer of 1871 at Lübeck an on Zierow)
1783 bis 1784 Worked at the Collegium for Foreign Affairs in St. Petersburg. Secretary (Secrétaire interprète)rank of captain.
Influential connections through his uncle (mother’s brother)
Abraham van Brienen. Relinquished services (Leave of absence) and departed Russia.
1784 bis 1785 Stockholm and Schweden.
Despite the consent of influential relatives (Peyron among them)and intitial offers,also from King Gustav(assurances) he did not receive a job in Sweden’s public service sector..
His reformed confession, was, according to Ministry Chief and Minister Graf Oxenstierna supposedly the reason for this impediment in strict Lutheran Sweden.
See correspondence between Poel and Swedish Chancery Presidents Count Creutz und Count Oxenstierna.

1) der Universität Uppsala (F 491, Gustavianska saml. Quart 17 Nr. 121 2) dem Reichsarchiv Stockholm (Kanslipres. Arkiv, eingegangene Schreiben 1785 - 1790, P; Kanslipres. Koncepter 1786).

Difference between "reformierter" and "lutherischer" look at Wikipedia

Pieter Poel, who had taken up residence in Hamburg "Großen Freiheit" and, after travels with the merchant and future Baron, Caspar Voght, to France (Paris) and England (London) – Spring 1786 – finally settled down in Altona in 1789, where he “published” the “Altona Mercurius” after purchasing the royal (Danish) privilege, which he did not manage himself (see Alberti 1868, Pg.211) – it was the most important German publication of its time for the entire Northern hemisphere, as well as the National Calendar.
Pieter Poel was generally active as a journalist and author.
We don't know if Wilhelm von Archenholtz and Piter Poel has known themselves, but their common "frankophil" sense, encouragement for La Fayette and their publicist ambitions - "Minerva" und "Altonaischen Mercurius" - , assumed it.

Poel kept residence in Altona at Große Freiheit “between de Valory und Brüdergemeinde“ and later during summers resided at his country estate Neumühlen, which he had purchased in November 1793 with grand merchants Georg Heinrich Sieveking and Conrad Johann Matthiessen after the sale of Neumühlen in 1811, in Teufelsbrücke from 1812, and finally from 1816 until 1822 in Flottbek together with Baron Voght .

The so called "Neumühlener Kreis" procure

Alles war so möglich!
©Hans-Werner Engels
Der Autor ist Historiker und lebt in Altona

Bilder und Zuordnung der dargestellten Personen auf dem Anwesen des Baron Voght:
im Garten
Gesellschaft im Quellental

verheiratet 6. Januar 1787 in Hamburg mit



Friederike Elisabeth Büsch
* 23. September 1768 at Hamburg,
gestorben 18. Oktober 1821 at Flottbek,
begraben in Nienstedten

Daughter of Professor Johann Georg Büsch at Hamburg.

So much was written about the Neumühlener und Flottbeker circle and the “family” that we simply refer to the existing writings (Attachment).
Poel’s relations, including family relations stretched all across Europe.
He also appeared as Advisor to his cousin Peyron, as of 1792 Swedish Embassador of the Lower Saxony District in Hamburg, and during Napoleonic times was commissioned by Field Marshall Count Blücher (Altona) to attend negotiations with the Crown Prince of Sweden, Marschall Bernadotte. Poel was also Director of the Altona Institute for the Support of French Emigrants. This complied his humanitarian noble sentinents, which he later (1816) revealed in a expertise above the "schleswig-holsteinische Armenwesen" and put him in the intellectual near of "Voghts Christentum der Tat".


Konrad Feilchenfeldt in Schleswig-Holsteinisches Biographisches Lexikon, Band 3, Neumünster 1974 (mit Würdigung Poels und weiteren Nachweisen)
Schriften in der Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie Bd. 53
Dazu eine Korrektur (Gerhard Poel) pdf-Datei

Aufsatz über Piter Poe von Hans-Werner Engels 2002

father: Jacobus Poel
Silbings: [1] Arnold ::::[1] Jan ::::[2] Rutger ::::[2] Jacoba ::::[2] Magdalena :::[2] David
children: Johanna:::: Friederike::::Carl::::Wilhelm::::Ernst::::Pieter 1.Linie::::Caroline::::Eduard::::Gustav 2.Linie::::Theodor::::Emma